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Councillor reminder for declaring interests

The Member's Code of Conduct deals with declaration of interests and participation at meetings. It identifies two types of interests - personal interests and disclosable pecuniary interests.

Disclosable pecuniary interests generally relate to a Councillor’s financial affairs and are prescribed by law[1]. They can be found at Section 6 of the Code. Importantly it also includes the same financial matters of the Councillor’s spouse, or civil partner, a person who they are living with as husband and wife or person with whom they are living as if they are civil partners.

Personal interests include a range of matters including a Councillor’s Council appointments, memberships of other bodies including political parties, minor property rights and where the reasonable person would view a Councillor’s interest in the matter being considered as greater than would affect the majority of residents in the affected area such that it is likely to prejudice their judgment of the public interest. More detail is contained at Section 7 and paragraph 8.2 of the Code.

The Code requires that Councillors and co-opted members must:

  • Declare any interest (whether disclosable pecuniary interest or personal interest) in any business which is to be discussed by the Council where the Councillor attends the meeting.
  • Disclose the interest no later than the commencement of the consideration of the business in which they have the interest or whenever it becomes apparent that they have an interest.
  • Disclose the nature of the interest as this has to be included in the minutes.

[Example: "I have a disclosable pecuniary interest on Item XX because this planning application relates to my property" or “I have a personal interest in Item XX because the land is to be leased to the Parish Council and I am a Parish Councillor”].

In terms of participating in the meetings, the Code states that if the interest is a;

  • disclosable pecuniary interest the Councillor can't participate in the discussion, can't vote and must leave the room unless they have obtained a dispensation from the council's Monitoring Officer or Standards Committee.

[It is a criminal offence for a Councillor to be involved in the discussion and / or vote on a matter in which they have a disclosable pecuniary interest]

  • personal interest the Councillor can be involved in the discussion and / or vote on the matter.

Further guidance can be found in the Department for Communities and Local Government document 'Openness and transparency on personal interests' published in September 2013.

Irrespective of whether a personal interest has been declared, Councillors are subject to the requirement that they are not biased or predetermined when taking decisions.

Guidance on Bias and Predetermination

Where you have been involved in campaigning in your political role on an issue which does not impact on your personal and/or professional life you may participate in a decision on the issue in your political role as a member[2]. However, you must not place yourself under any financial or other obligation to outside individuals or organisations that might seek to influence you in the performance of your official duties.

When making a decision, consider the matter with an open mind and on the facts made available to the meeting at which the decision is to be taken. To take part in a discussion and decision on a matter with a closed mind (whether through bias or pre-determination) will put the Council at risk of a finding of maladministration and / or of legal proceedings. If a Councillor feels that they are biased or predetermined then this should be recorded in the minutes and then they should not be involved in the discussion and vote.


[1] Through the Localism Act 2011 and The Relevant Authorities (Disclosable Pecuniary Interests) Regulations 2012.

[2] It should be noted that there are more stringent rules on this in respect of planning decisions which are contained in the ‘Code of Good Practice for Councillors and Officers dealing with planning matters’.